Iran Desert

Maranjab is one of the most beautiful desert areas of Iran. Long sandy hills and forests of the area worst beautiful arch. Salt Lake Aran Island Bidgol wandering around the area are spectacular.


Maranjab Aran Bidgol in the northern city of Aran Bidgol located in Isfahan province. This Desert from north to Salt Lake Aran Bidgol, the West Desert Lakes issue and salt pond and dock Sultan Moreh, from East to desert sand dam and Desert National Park and the southern city of Aran and Bidgol is limited.

The average height of Maranjab is about 850 meters sea level and the highest point of the island is about 880 meters above sea level, and needs to be security, relative moderation, variety of tourist attractions, the diversity of animal species and vegetation in desert areas a good place for tourism and investment in this area has provided and draw many tourists to the area. much of the desert is covered with dunes and sabulous. Maranjab is very rich in terms of vegetation. The main vegetation consists of salt-friendly plants including tamarisk trees and bushes arch and is Qych.

Tourist Sites

Maranjab is one of the most beautiful desert areas of Iran. Long sandy hills and forests of the area worst beautiful arch. Salt Lake Aran Island Bidgol wandering around the area are spectacular. Needs to be wandering in the ocean desert island, except for one or two months of the year due to the rainfall in the region is visible, the rest of the year will be converted to salt marsh. Dastan historical wells in the East Desert, Caravans of camels had been drinking.

Maranjab castle, caravanserai on the Silk Route is in the desert and the caravan for a trip to Khorasan, Isfahan, Rey and vice versa passed this way. The sand desert area subparagraph (stiff competition in the local dialect) desert area north of the city of Isfahan Bad rod continue sabulous large sand dam, the tallest sand dunes East is about 70 meters.

In addition to the dunes which is the main attraction Kvyrnd, there Karshahy castle and wander the island Maranjab, about the construction of the castle and the inn next to the salt lake, is quoted by Shah Abbas caravanserai and despite creating numerous castles throughout the country, in the region defense facility was not built, because until then enemies for salt Lake and desert expanse, from this side of the capital were not attacked. Attacking Uzbeks and Afghans through Salt Lake went to Kashan to Isfahan, Shah Abbas decided to save some lunar immediately threw up in 1012 a military base in the region and prevent the threat. The top inn is in the form of observation bunkers and armed guards in the castle mentioned in 500 attended always safe passage of goods from China to Europe and vice versa were in the region.

The inn aqueduct that brought a big pond, fresh water, and salt in the salt desert is a unique phenomenon.


Dasht-e Lut (Persian: دشت لوت, “Emptiness Desert”), also spelled Dasht-i-Lut and known as the Lut Desert, is a large salt desert in southeastern Kerman Iran and is the world’s 25th largest desert. The surface of the sand there has been measured at temperatures as high as 70.7 °C (159 °F), and it is one of the world’s driest and hottest places. It was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list on July 17, 2016.

Iran is climatically part of the Afro-Asian belt of deserts, which stretches from the Cape Verde islands off West Africa all the way to Mongolia near Beijing, China. The patchy, elongated, light-colored feature in the foreground (parallel to the mountain range) is the northernmost of the Dasht dry lakes that stretch southward 300 kilometers (190 mi). In near-tropical deserts, elevated areas capture most precipitation. As a result, the desert is largely an abiotic zone.

Iran’s geography consists of a plateau surrounded by mountains and divided into drainage basins. The Dasht-e Lut is one of the largest of these desert basins, 480 kilometers (300 mi) long and 320 kilometers (200 mi) wide, and is considered to be one of the driest places on Earth.

Area of the desert is about 51,800 square kilometers (20,000 mi.sq). The other large basin is the Dasht-e Kavir. During the spring wet season, water briefly flows down from the Kerman Mountains, but it soon dries up, leaving behind only rocks, sand, and salt.

The eastern part of Dasht-e Lut is a low plateau covered with salt flats. In contrast, the center has been sculpted by the wind into a series of parallel ridges and furrows, extending over 150 km (93 mi) and reaching 75 meters (246 ft.) in height. This area is also riddled with ravines and sinkholes. The southeast is a vast expanse of sand, like a Saharan erg, with dunes 300 meters (980 ft.) high, among the tallest in the world.

Hottest land surface

Measurements of MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spector radiometer) installed on NASA’s satellite “Aqua” from 2003 to 2010 testify that the hottest land surface on Earth is located in the Dasht-e Lut and land surface temperatures reach here 70.7 °C (159.3 °F), though the air temperature is cooler. The precision of measurements is 0.5 K to 1 K.

The hottest part of Dasht-e Lut is “Gandom Beryan”, a large plateau covered in dark lava, approximately 480 square kilometers (190 sq. mi) in the area. According to a local legend, the name (in translation from Persian — “Toasted wheat”) originates from an accident where a load of wheat was left in the desert which was then scorched by the heat in a few days.

Mesr Desert

What do you recall when you hear “Mesr”? The Arabic name of Egypt, a country in North Africa? Nile River, Pyramids, Sphinx, and Pharaohs? You are right. But you would be surprised to know, there’s another Mesr too, but thousands of kilometers away from current Egypt, and tens of kilometers away from any crowded city. A small island in the sand, somewhere in the heart of Iran’s central desert, Mesr is the name of an Iranian village in Khur and Biabanak County, close to the city of Naein which is famous for agricultural production in the area.

Reaching Mesr is easy, around 250 kilometers drive onto the Naein-Tabas road from west to east. After passing Farokhi and Nasrabad villages, there is a sign showing off-road direction: “Toward Mesr.”

Upon 43 kilometers drive from the sign across the sand hills, 3 green spots will appear from far, similar to three emeralds next to each other. A few moments later, while the absolute silence of desert is your only company, you will find yourself in the first emerald land, Amirabad. The road is totally flat which is considered as one of the wonders of Iran’s central desert and surprises every Eco Tourist. The sand hills around the village are known as Thrones since the strong wind has shaped the surface, forming strange and attractive figures.

Amirabad is a vast and prosperous farm with a deep well. Mesr’s residents are owners of Amirabad. Where even a drop of water is as precious as gold, the well provides drinking and agricultural water for Mesr. By exploring Amirabad, for a moment you completely forget that you are in the center of the pure desert. As if you are walking in a village in northern Iran: The weather is pleasant and cool and the wheat and barley farms are green, especially in the spring.

In Amirabad the road is split and the left road goes across the golden sand hills to Jandagh, a city on the Naein-Tabas-Damghan main road. The right path directly goes to the second emerald, the center of Mesr.

Mesr surprises you at first glimpse by the structure of the streets. Unlike many other Iranian villages, Mesr’s roads and streets are neither tight nor old. Instead, they are wide and clean, decorated on two sides with traditional houses, wind-catchers, and palm trees while the water of Qanat runs in between.

The 3rd and the last emerald is called Farahzad and only four families reside in there. Farahzad is the end of the road. There is no other road to take you to the center of the desert which is only 15 kilometers away.

The empty desert is not as greedy as it may look. Besides the beautiful scenery of the village which is the result of hard-working residents, the sky is what attracts many Eco-tourists to Mesr. At night when the sun is down, billions of stars glow in the desert sky. People in Mesr passionately talk about the foreign tourists who come to witness these wonders of Iran’s central desert.

Deserts of Iran
  • Dasht-e Kavir
  • Lut Desert
  • Maranjab
  • Mesr Desert

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