Climb Damavand Mountain

Everything you need to know about Climbing Damavand Mountain

Damavand Expedition

Reach The Highest Peak in the Middle East (5671 m)

Damavand Trek Tour

Damavand Trekking Tour with the Best Services & Price

Enjoy Damavand Tour

Book Group Tours of Mount Damavand in Iran

Hike Damavand with the Experts

Unique Experience of Mount Damavand Expedition in Summer 2019

A Real Taste of Iranian Food

An Exciting Journey with the locals through Damavand Climbing Tour

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WHY DAMAVAND TREK WITH ALIBABATREK

The single most important aspect of mountaineering is safety. Safety in trekking comes with experience and knowledge. Our guides above anything are professional mountaineers. They are not only expert in climbing, but also good guides. They know Damavand climbing profoundly. This can make a huge difference facing emergency situations. Our guides are members of the Iranian National Mountaineering team. They have many 7000 and 8000-meter peaks under their belts. Each one of them has at least 50 successful Climbs to Damavand before getting invited to our team.

We want to create a superior experience for our customers. Anything below exceptional is a drawback for us. That is our motto and our mission. We live it every day; to walk the talk and acknowledge the importance of the guiding team to create such an experience. We have handpicked our guides to be best mountaineers as well as fluent English speaker and interpreter. This is combined with proper behavior and high skills of empathy and hospitality. Altogether, we think we have found the recipe for creating the fore mentioned superior experience.

Our unique approach to acclimatization is a product of many years of experience. Also, testing different approaches to a different group of people worldwide helped us. Our approach to being best in class resulted in 100% success rate. Above all, the reviews and nice words of our previous guests, not only is our driving force to deliver our tours with a solid performance and try to improve gradually but also is a testament to the quality of our service and reassuring for anyone who wants a reliable partner for this adventure of a lifetime.

FIRST CLIMBING OF MOUNT DAMAVAND

Mount Damavand is a potentially active volcano. It has a perfect cone-shape summit. It is located in the central part of the Alborz Mountain Range in the north of Iran, on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Damavand Volcano is 5671 meters high. It is the highest volcano in Asia, the highest summit in the Middle East. It is also the second highest volcano in the northern hemisphere.

The earliest recorded ascent of Damavand was in 905. Abu Dolaf Kazraji climbed Damavand for the first time. Then, three centuries after his ascend, Yaqut, the great Byzantine/Arab geographer, attempted to climb Damavand. He did not succeed. However, the local people guided him with a detailed description of the summit. Later, he incorporated Damavand climbing into his famous “Dictionary of Geography.

Apparently, climbs of Damavand were not uncommon during the early 13th century. It was before the Mongol invasion when Hulagu Khan swept and destroyed everything before it. Thompson’s ascent was in 1837. At that time, locals would go Damavand climbing regularly to gather Sulfur from the summit for commercial purposes. Thompson himself mentioned Climb of Damavand in his article in the Royal Geographic society magazine of 1838.

DAMAVAND TREK, SYMBOLISM, AND MYTHOLOGY

Damavand is a notable part of Persian mythology. It is the symbol of Iranian resistance against intruders and invasions. Also, it is an inspiring force to topple foreign rule in Persian poetry and literature. In Zoroastrian texts and mythology, the three-headed dragon Aži Dahāka was chained within Mount Damāvand, forever. In a later version of the same legend, the tyrant Zahhāk was also chained in Mount Damāvand. He was a cruel ruler being defeated by Kāveh and Fereydūn. The mountain holds magical powers according to Shahnameh (Book of Kings, a book by Ferdowsi the great Iranian Poet). Damāvand has also been named in the Iranian legend of Arash the archer (as recounted by Bal’ami.

Today, some camps of Damavand refers to these myths. For example, one of the camps in the northeast route is called ‘’Takht-e-Fereydun’’ meaning Fereydun’s Throne. There is also a camp named ‘’Simorgh’’ on the west ridge. It refers to a mythical bird who was mentioned in Shahnameh.

Mount Damavand picture is now even depicted on an Iranian banknote. The origins and meaning of the word “Damavand” are unclear. Some prominent researchers believe it probably means, “The Mountain from which smoke and ash arise”. It is mentioned alluding to the volcanic nature of the mountain. (Dam~A~Vand is Cloud (Ash)~Breath~Mountain).

DAMAVAND GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION AND DAMAVAND TREK

Damavand is in the middle of the Central Alborz range. It is adjacent to Varārū, Sesang, Gol-e Zard, and Mīānrūd. Near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, It is close to Amol County, Mazandaran Province, 66 kilometers (41 miles) northeast of Tehran. So, It is so easy to get to there to climb Damavand.
Mount Damāvand is the 12th most prominent peak in the world. Also, it is the second most prominent in Asia after Mount Everest. It is the highest volcanic mountain in Asia. Damavand is part of the Volcanic Seven Summits mountaineering challenge. For that, a lot of mountaineers take Iran tours to climb Damavand. There is no mountain above 5000 meters in Europe. Damavand is 510 meters and is so beautiful with perfect corn shape summit. It is also relatively easy to ascend. All the above has made Damavand climbing very popular among Europeans.

Snow covers the entire mountain in winter and upper parts in other seasons. It has a narrow summit crater usually covered with snow. This makes Damavand trek magical and attractive. Moreover, the snowy white peak with its regular Lenticular Cap Cloud is the most beautiful sight of Iran. Many beautiful peaks, of the Central Alborz Chain, surround Damavand. You can enjoy ascending these along with Damavand Climbing. The view of this huge mountain looks more attractive from away than close up. On a clear day, it is visible far from 250 km away.

DAMAVAND TREKKING SEASONS AND TYPICAL WEATHER

In theory, one can climb Damavand in all four seasons. However, the best season is of course summer. It’s advisable to take Damavand tour from May to September. Also, you can hike Damavand in early October. In this period the footpaths are generally free of snow. You can approach public transportation to the base camp easily. Consequently, for the stable and warm weather, it’s a bit crowded. So start Damavand climbing on Saturday. It is the first day of the week in Iran. In this way, you can enjoy the Damavand trek the most.
In spring, it is popular to go on Damavand ski touring. The weather can get unstable. So you need to be expert with the local climate to spot the right weather. Otherwise, the haze, fog, and mistiness can significantly impair the horizontal view.

Fall is the cold and dry season. The weather is relatively stable. It is less stable than summer and more so than spring. Late October and early November has the lowest snow level.

In winter, however, the extreme cold weather and the wind itself is quite a challenge. Hence, you need proper tools and kits to climb Damavand. Temperature can get down to -70 centigrade and the speed of wind can go up to 100 Km/h. However, there is almost no risk of avalanche in winter. Summits for well-equipped mountaineers are risk-free. Despite that, must-haves are high altitude boots and proper sleeping bags. If you are planning to take Damavand tour in winter, catch the good weather window. It is typically 3-4 days in every fortnight.

DAMAVAND TREKKING ROUTES

There are 16 paths to the summit. There are four popular and mainstream paths. These are as below.

Southern Path

 Southern path or ridge: with its famous camp, Camp 3 or Bargahe–Sevom. It is located at 4200 meters height. This is deemed to be the simplest path to climb Damavand. That’s for the availability of camps, shelter and mulls as well as its gentle slope.

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North Path

North path or ridge: with its main camp located at 4000 and 5000 meters height. It is named after their altitude the 4000-meter camp and the 5000-meter camp. This route is a difficult one to climb Damavand. It has a steep slope and does not have proper camps as other routes. Moreover, the camps are barely a shelter and rather a tent.

Climb damavand trek damavnad routs north route

West Path

West path or ridge: its landmark is Simorgh Shelter at 4200 meters height. It is famous for its steep slope, especially from the shelter up. It has also high-speed winds (as the dominant wind in the region bellows from west to east). Through this route, The starting point of Damavand trek is far from any cities or villages. So one needs to travel on a 4-wheel drive on earth road (dirt road). After a while, they can start Damavand climbing. Due to lack of proper shelters as well as the risk of rock fall, it is less popular. But, it is definitely the most beautiful route. Through this route, Damavand trek commences above Lar Lake.

North East Path

North East path or ridge: with its main Camp, Takht-e-Freyedun. It is located at 4350 meters height. Damavand climbing starts from Nandal village. The camp is located on a higher altitude. Therefore, there is a shorter path to trek on summit day.

DAMAVAND CLIMBING ACCLIMATIZATION AND GRADE OF DIFFICULTY

Proper acclimatization is the most contributor for a successful ascent. It is also the biggest challenge for mountaineers climbing Damavand. Acclimatization is achieved step by step. Therefore, the body gets to adapt itself to high altitude. This is especially a challenge for Europeans and others who live at the sea level.
Southern path is the most popular route to climb Damavand. It has fewer technical difficulties. For Damavand trek, climbers should spend one night at the base camp. It is also known as Goosfand-Sara (3100 meters) and not to climb to Camp 3 on day one of ascend.

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    Damavand (5671 m), The highest peak in the Middle East, Iran

DAMAVAND TREK NEEDED EQUIPMENT FOR EACH SEASON

Here is the checklist of equipment that you need for this trip:

  • Base layers
  • Wind stoppers (polar jacket)
  • Warm trekking pants
  • Light down jacket
  • Gore-Tex jacket (waterproof)
  • Warm hat
  • Trekking boots (waterproof)
  • Sleeping bag with the comfort level of +10 to +5
  • Warm gloves
  • Sunglasses
  • Sun creams
  • Headlights
  • Sticks, poles
  • Mattress
mount damavand trekking-equipments

Damavand Trip Reviews

Thanks Alibabatrek!

November 15, 2018 on TripAdvisor

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Me and my girlfriend went with Alibabatrek for an adventurous trip in the mountains. They proposed a 5 day trip to Tochal and Damavand.

We had very good contact through whatsapp in preparation of the trip, every question answered. Once in the trip began, the guides were very well prepared and it was very nice to walk and talk with them. In the evening he did everything so we wouldn’t get cold, giving us extra blankets etc… read more on TripAdvisor

Damavand Hike

October 28, 2018 on TripAdvisor

tripadvisor alibabatrek iran tour

I went with Alibabatrek on Damavand and I can say it was a very professional company starting from the communication prior to the trip to the mountain guide who made sure that I really reach the top even though I was close to quit fighting the off-season conditions. Not only were the professional, but they noticed that it was my birthday on the hike day and they surprised me with a cake, gave me a true feeling of porfesional “european company” combined with …read more on TripAdvisor

Perfect to climb Mount Damavand

September 4, 2018 on TripAdvisor

tripadvisor alibabatrek iran tour

They are a very correct, reliable company. We could organize our tour through email.We got all necessary information in advance.
During the Damavand trekking tour our guide was very experienced mountaineer, and but he doesn’t speak English, but we got a translator, and this way the communication worked.
Alibaba could help everything what we ask: transfer from airport, booking accommodation. with a local bank card, and with a wifi router to use mobile data,
we were very satisfied with them. Read this review on TripAdvisor

Climbing Damavand

July 8, 2018 on TripAdvisor

tripadvisor alibabatrek iran tour

I fully recommend Alibabatrek to anyone thinking about climbing Damavand, or doing any other tour in Iran. From the start it was clear they both knew what they were doing, and were genuinely interested in giving us as good an experience as possible. Our guide Ali was the youngest Iranian to have climbed a +7,000m peak, and he had been up Damavand more times that he could remember. His knowledge of the mountain was second to none and their programme of daily acclimatization hikes made all the difference in getting us to the top. They managed to make the trip feel a lot more like a holiday with friends than an organised tour, and it was clear how much effort they put in to shaping the trip around clients’ specific interests. The transport to…. read more on TripAdvisor

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Laure-Anne Parpaleix

France

Breathtaking

Nov 2, 2017 on Alibabatrek.com

★★★★★

First time climbing a more than 5000m high vulcano, Alibabatrek made it an amazing experience! An optimized 3 day trip (designed by Alibaba’s experienced climber) with a great group, tasty food, and a very nice guide. Perfect organisation, attentive staff, easily reachable beforehand to explain all details of the itinerary and who are pleased to give very good tips.Definitly recommend to go for it!

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Sian Abasnejad

Canada

Great Experience! Fantastic Rates!

Oct 30, 2017 on Alibabatrek.com

★★★★★

I really enjoyed my experience with this extremely hospitable company! Everything was taken care of from A to Z. Before embarking on my Mount Damavand I was not sure which tour to book, or if I even wanted to go on a tour with them in the first place. The helpful staff and management at Alibab Trek spent more than an hour on the phone with me explaining each detail of the 3 day tour. I was sold! I frequent Iran and will certainly be booking their Mount Alamkooh tour for sure!

Damavand Climbing Tour Packages

  • Adventure
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Trip to Iran Damavand Optimized

You are on tight schedule in your Iran travel, while you want Damavand as part of your trip to Iran; then visit Iran with this Iran tour packages of ours; it would give you three packed days of summiting Damavand, while you go through an efficient acclimatization process.

  • 3 Days
  • Jun. to Oct.
  • Phys. Rating: 4 out of 5
  • Adventure

Iran tour package Damavand

Enjoy 4 rather exciting days packed with ascending and acclimatization treks; Classic Damavand tour is one of our best-selling Iran tour packages for Iran travel; looking for real adventure and want to include trekking to top of middle east in your Iran travel; then this is definitely your tour.

  • 4 Days
  • Jun. to Oct.
  • Phys. Rating: 4 out of 5
  • Adventure
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  • 6 Days
  • Jun. to Oct.
  • Phys. Rating: 4 out of 5
  • Adventure
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Iran Travel Damavand North face

While Damavand south face is a crowded trek in high season; trekking mighty Damavand from north with this Iran tour package, is what we recommend for nature lovers; because of its unique sights and viewpoint, the landscape in this trek is incredibly beautiful.

  • 4 Days
  • June to October
  • Phys. Rating: 4 out of 5

Iran Travel Tips & Tricks

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