Mountaineers need to have skills and know techniques for mountaineering. Also, they normally face with financing issues. Of course, the challenge of conquering various peaks is an inseparable part of this sport. Every mountaineer has always demanded climbing and conquering peaks.
There are so many challenges in the world for mountaineering such as:
- Climbing fourteen 8000 meters peaks
- Climbing the highest peaks in the seven continents
- The Snow Leopard prize for climbing five 7000 meters peaks in the Pamirs and Tian Shan mountains
- Mountaineering Grand Slam
- Climbing the second highest peak in each continent
- Climbing the seven volcanic peaks in the seven continents
Between all these challenges, conquering the volcanic seven summits in the seven continents seems to be more accessible. It seems like both financial issues, and difficulties of climbing are less in this challenge. Of course, climbing these peaks needs skills in climbing as well. The so-called “Volcanic seven summits” are the seven highest volcanic peaks in the seven continents. For doing this challenge, the Mountaineers need to travel seven points in the seven continents. Although this challenge is easier than the other mountaineering challenges; traveling around can make it harder. Also, conquering the less known peaks can be an issue, but that’s what makes it more attractive. Contractually, the volcanic seven summits include the following summits:
- Asia; Mount Damavand
- Africa; Mount Kilimanjaro
- North America; Mount Orizaba
- South America; Mount Ojos del Salado
- Antarctica; Mount Sidley
- Europe; Mount Elbrus
- Australia and Oceania; Mount Giluwe
Kilimanjaro is one of the seven volcanic summits. It has three volcanic cones named Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. It is the highest mountain in Africa and is 5895 meters above sea level. Also, it is a half-active volcano in Tanzania on its borders with Kenya. This mount also counts as one of the Seven Summits (the highest summits in the seven continents). Kibo is the highest peak in Kilimanjaro. Mawenzi cone is 5149 meters above the sea located near Kibo. Also, it is the third highest peak in Africa. Shira has 4005 meters height and is the third highest peak in Kilimanjaro.
Pico de Orizaba is a stratovolcano and also the highest peak in Mexico. Also, it is the third highest summit in North America. This summit has 5636 meters height and is 1287 kilometers away from the borders of the United States. Conquering this summit is on the list of most attractive summit conquerings in Mexico.
Mount Ojos del Salado
One of the other seven volcanic summits is Ojos del Salado. Nevado Ojos del Salado is on the borders of Argentina and Chile. Also, it is the highest active volcano in the world. This volcano is 20 kilometers away from the San Francisco Pass. This summit is in the middle of a volcanic mountain chain that is more than 80 kilometers long. Furthermore, Ojos del Salado is the second highest summit in the Andes mountain range in South America. The height of this mount is 6893 meters.
This summit is located in Marie Byrd Land in Antarctica and is the highest volcanic mount in this continent. It is also the seventh mount on the list of volcanic seven summits. Mount Sidley is between 4181-4285 meters high and is a possibly dormant volcano in the south of Antarctica. Bill Atkinson from New Zealand was the first person who conquered this mount in 1990.
Mount Elbrus is a summit on the east of Caucasus Mountain in the Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay- Cherkessia. Also, this mount is on the north of Iran plateau and is near Georgia. This summit is the highest point in Europe. The names of this mount and Alborz mountains derive from the same root. So, both of these names are Iranian words. This mount has two summits on its west and east. The west summit is 5642 meters and is the highest peak in Europe. Its east summit is only 21 meters shorter than its west summit.
This mount is the second highest mount in Papua New Guinea with 4367 meters height. Giluweh is the highest volcano in Oceana. Therefore, it counts as one of the volcanic seven summits. The Australian migrants were the first ones who conquered this summit. But, there are some disagreements about who conquered it first. Due to its location, this mount has a very beautiful and unique flora.
Damavand is a mount in the north of Iran and is the highest peak in Iran. Also, it is the highest volcano in Asia and the Middle East. Damavand peak is on the center of Alborz mountains on the south of the Caspian Sea. The location of this peak is in the Larijan district in Mazandaran province. This peak is visible from Tehran, Varamin, Qom, and the Caspian Sea southern shores on days with smooth weather. Mount Damavand was registered as the first National Iranian Natural Phenomena on the 3rd of July 2008. Furthermore, the Iranian literature and mythology have mentioned the name of this mount many times.
Damavand Mount Altitude
There are various opinions about mount Damavand’s altitude. The National Statistical Federation of Iran stated that Damavand is 5610 meters. On the other hand, NASA states it is 5670 meters. Also, Damavand’s relative height from the lowest valley is 4667 meters. Therefore, Damavand is the 12th on the list of most prominent peaks in the world. Mount Everest, Aconcagua in Argentina, Denali in the USA and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania are other mounts on this list. Also, its relative height is more than K2, Kanchenjunga and, many other mounts. The rank of Damavand on this list shows the prominence of this volcanic mass compared to its surroundings. The main reason why Damavand is visible from far distances is its high relative prominence.
Damavand is a potentially active volcano formed during the Quaternary. Its first eruption was almost 1.78 million years ago. Its last eruption was between six hundred thousand and two hundred eighty thousand years ago. Estimations by using the carbon method say that Damavand mount dates back to at least 38500 years ago. The sulfur and hot water springs on this mount are the evidence of the activity of this volcano. Also, there are some active fumaroles on this mount which makes the experience of climbing it very attractive. Because of these active fumaroles, a huge smoke constantly comes out of Damavand.
The diameter of this volcano’s crater in almost 400 meters and an icy lake covers it.
Isn’t climbing Damavand hard?
Iran is a mountainous country with more than 100 summits higher than 4000 meters in its mountain ranges. Iran’s location is on down of the north temperate zone. Therefore, there won’t be any problem for conquering this mount in the summer. If you want to climb Damavand, all you need is physical readiness and appropriate weather. Needing just appropriate physical readiness is one of the appealing features of Damavand tours. So, you can easily hike Damavand and climb 5671 meters with an appropriate acclimatization schedule.
The amenities of Damavand mount are very suitable and make conquering it enjoyable and easier. Having shelter, rooms with beds, bathrooms, and access to the internet in the 4200 meters altitude, are some examples of its amenities. Also, the Mountaineers can transfer their extra and heavy stuff to the 4200 meters camp by a mule.
There are some hot water springs on the hillside of Damavand which can be a place for Mountaineers to relax. The water of these springs has sulfur and other minerals that are very beneficial for your skin. Also, the hot water of these springs helps with the elimination of cramps and recovering. Therefore, we highly recommend it after conquering.
Am I going to be safe during climbing?
There is no possibility for avalanche even during the winter in Damavand. Also, the conquering route is completely safe. Damavand has some natural glaciers and, they have a unique, spectacular view on the conquering route during summer. The route of Damavand is secure during the summer. You can stand over Damavand without needing technical ascending or any involvement with the glaciers.
Easy Access to Damavand Region
The access route for a mount with more than 5000 meters height might seem very hard and long. But, you will only need a 3-hour drive from Tehran to be able to settle in the main camp of this mount. In smooth weather, you can see the sulfur smoke coming out of Damavand with the naked eye.
Security of Iran and Damavand
What does the news say?
- The Secretary-General of the World Tourism Organization has declared that Iran is very safe for tourism.
- An Australian media published a report saying when it comes to the travel risks, Iran is as safe as Australia.
Iran has a high level of security. It might be in contrast with what the political reports in the western media might say. But, according to what tourists who have traveled Iran say, Iran’s security level is higher than many western countries. So, Iran tours are among the safest tours in the world. Those who want to travel Iran destinations can be assured.
Also, Damavand mount is very safe according to the reviews submitted in websites and journals such as Tripadvisor. The tourists can enjoy a wonderful Damavand trek and conquer the highest mount in Iran and the Middle East with Damavand guided tours.
How Many Days You Will Need for Damavand Trip?
With the favorable weather of summer, an acclimatization schedule and, physical readiness even amateur mountaineers can conquer Damavand. The days you will need for conquering Damavand can vary between 2-6 days according to your physical readiness. Also, the height of the place you live and your compatibility with the high altitudes are important factors. Professional mountaineers who have high physical readiness can conquer Damavand in one day. Also, you should have felt more than 4500 meters height in the past few days for doing it.
A Reasonable and Affordable Trekking Tour
The costs of Damavand trips are more affordable than other similar summits. The tourists can begin climbing by paying just 50 dollars (till the end of 2019) for a license. Of course, there will be additional costs for having food, a Mount Damavand guide and carrying cargo. These expenses do not include transportation to Damavand.